where is afghanistan located

[322] It is the only land route that connects Central Asia to the Indian subcontinent. Its overall area is roughly twice that of Norway. The Supreme Court is led by Chief Justice Said Yusuf Halem, the former Deputy Minister of Justice for Legal Affairs. Lying along important trade routes connecting southern and eastern Asia to Europe and the Middle East, Afghanistan has long been a prize sought by empire builders. It is biggest 41.country in the World and has  square 652 thousands kilometer area. The PDPA declared the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, with its first leader named as People's Democratic Party general secretary Nur Muhammad Taraki. During this turbulent period, Afghanistan had many temporary rulers until Dost Mohammad Khan declared himself emir in 1823. Soon after, the Persian and Afghan forces invaded India. In more detail, it extended from what today is northwest Pakistan to northwest India and northeast Afghanistan. Under the rule of Shah Rukh the city served as the focal point of the Timurid Renaissance, whose glory matched Florence of the Italian Renaissance as the center of a cultural rebirth. [27] The Arabic and Persian form of the name, Afġān was first attested in the 10th-century geography book Hudud al-'Alam. [323] Several mountain passes allow travel between the Hindu Kush in other areas. Officially known as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia. Location: Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan , east of Iran Definition: This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. [252][253] However many issues regarding human rights exist contrary to the law, often committed by local tribes, lawmakers and hardline clerics. [31] For its success in resisting foreign occupation during the 19th and 20th centuries, Afghanistan has been called the "graveyard of empires,"[32] though it is unknown who coined the phrase. The Silk Road appeared during the first century BCE, and Afghanistan flourished with trade, with routes to China, India, Persia and north to the cities of Bukhara, Samarkand and Khiva in present-day Uzbekistan. By 2001 following years of civil war, telecommunications was virtually a non-existent sector, but by 2016 it had grown to a $2 billion industry, with 22 million mobile phone subscribers and 5 million internet users. [143][144], Taliban forces meanwhile began regrouping inside Pakistan, while more coalition troops entered Afghanistan to help the rebuilding process. Archaeological exploration done in the 20th century suggests that the geographical area of Afghanistan has been closely connected by culture and trade with its neighbors to the east, west, and north. Later, the Samanids extended their Islamic influence south of the Hindu Kush. The Afghanistan national football team has been competing in international football since 1941. The population is around 32 million, composed mostly of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Uzbeks. During the first century BCE, the Parthian Empire subjugated the region but lost it to their Indo-Parthian vassals. [304] The majority of electricity production is via hydropower, helped by the amount of rivers and streams that flow from the mountains. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Major universities outside of Kabul include Kandahar University in the south, Herat University in the northwest, Balkh University and Kunduz University in the north, Nangarhar University and Khost University in the east. Several Bollywood films have been shot inside Afghanistan, including Dharmatma, Khuda Gawah, Escape from Taliban, and Kabul Express. [43][44], Arab Muslims brought Islam to Herat and Zaranj in 642 CE and began spreading eastward; some of the native inhabitants they encountered accepted it while others revolted. [78] He abandoned the reforms of Amanullah Khan in favor of a more gradual approach to modernization but was assassinated in 1933 by Abdul Khaliq, a fifteen-year-old Hazara student who was an Amanullah loyalist. [28] The last part of the name, "-stan" is a Persian suffix for "place of." The root name "Afghān" is, according to some scholars, derived from the name of the Aśvakan or Assakan, ancient inhabitants of the Hindu Kush region. Description: Map shows where Afghanistan is located on the World map Go back to see more maps of Afghanistan  Cities of Afghanistan. It holds an observer status in SCO. [174] The country is generally arid in the summers, with most rainfall falling between December and April. In 1973, while the King was in Italy, Daoud Khan launched a bloodless coup and became the first President of Afghanistan, abolishing the monarchy. The country has more than 3,000 midwives, with an additional 300 to 400 being trained each year.[344]. [35][36] There are several smaller IVC colonies to be found in Afghanistan as well. It covers an area of 652,230sq km. [299] In a 2011 news story, the CSM reported, "The United States and other Western nations that have borne the brunt of the cost of the Afghan war have been conspicuously absent from the bidding process on Afghanistan's mineral deposits, leaving it mostly to regional powers. [210] Afghan Christians, who number 500–8,000, practice their faith secretly due to intense societal opposition, and there are no public churches. It was reported in 2006 that nearly 60% of the Afghan population lives within a two-hour walk of the nearest health facility. What is the capital of Afghanistan? [86] Meanwhile, there was increasingly hostile friction between the competing factions of the PDPA – the dominant Khalq and the more moderate Parcham. It is bounded to the east and south by Pakistan (including those areas of Kashmir administered by Pakistan but claimed by India), to the west by Iran, and to the north by the Central Asian states of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. A key force behind these reforms was Mahmud Tarzi, an ardent supporter of the education of women. Traditionally part of the Greater Middle East region, it is bordered by Pakistan to the south and east, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan to the north. The percentages given are estimates only, as accurate and current statistical data on ethnicity are not available. Women would normally wear a chador for head covering; some women, typically from highly conservative communities, wear the burqa, a full body covering. Afghanistan Officialy known as Islamic republic of Afghanistan is located in the South-Central Asia and lies between latitudes 33.0� North and longitudes 65.0� East. pp.96, Periods of World History: A Latin American Perspective – Page 129, The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia – Page 465, The Oxford Dictionary of Islam by John L. Esposito, p.71. The average elevation is about 3,000 feet (900 metres). Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Dari ( Persian ): جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان, Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Afghā̄nestā̄n) ( Pashto : د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت, Jumhuriyat Islami of Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in the heart of Asia . He moved to end his country's traditional isolation by establishing diplomatic relations with the international community, particularly with the Soviet Union and the Weimar Republic of Germany. [288][289] In 2010, US and Afghan government officials estimated that untapped mineral deposits located in 2007 by the US Geological Survey are worth at least $1 trillion. Afghanistan is located in Asia, in GMT+4:30 time zone (with current time of 04:14 AM, Monday). Afghanistan is located over the Central Asian and South Asian land fragments, has border neighbors Pakistan (East and West), Iran (West) and Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China (North). The situation in the country deteriorated under Amin and thousands of people went missing. High mountain passes, generally situated between 12,000 and 15,000 feet (3,600 to 4,600 metres) above sea level, are of great strategic importance and include the Shebar Pass, located northwest of Kabul where the Bābā Mountains branch out from the Hindu Kush, and the storied Khyber Pass, which leads to the Indian subcontinent, on the Pakistan border southeast of Kabul. ", "The Afghan artefacts that survived Taliban destruction", "Connecting Afghanistan: The rise of technology in governance and society – The Embassy of Afghanistan in London", "Going in Circles: The never-ending story of Afghanistan's unfinished Ring Road", "The Geography and Politics of Afghanistan", "Afghan avalanches kill dozens, trap hundreds", "Hairatan to Mazar-i-Sharif railway – Railways of Afghanistan", "Afghan-Turkmenistan railroad inaugurated", "Khaf-Herat railroad to be launched in Iran soon", "Iran Strongly Condemns Herat Railway Mine Blast", "Rail Linkup With Afghanistan by March 2018", "Railways of Afghanistan -Afghan railroads, past, present and future", https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/eastsats/5/2/5_292/_pdf/-char/en, "Wardak seeks $3b in aid for school buildings", "Afghanistan Education | Afghanistan's Web Site", "Rising literacy in Afghanistan ensures transition", "Childbirth and maternal health improve in Afghanistan", "Pakistan-funded Afghan Hospital Begins Operations", United States Agency for International Development, "Empowering Afghanistan's Disabled Population – 31 March 2006", Afghanistan: People living with disabilities call for integration, "Afghanistan Way of Life | Afghanistan's Web Site", Afghanistan: Kuchi nomads seek a better deal, "The sexually abused dancing boys of Afghanistan", "Afghanistan Has a Tougher Law on Child Marriage than Florida", "Hats Proliferate as Symbol of Pashtun Protest Movement | Voice of America – English", "Afghanistan Art and Architecture | Afghanistan's Web Site", "Afghan archaeologists find Buddhist site as war rages", "In Afghanistan, weaving ancient industry back into global market", "Selling war: commodifying the (in)security of Afghan women", "Rug Weavers and Bride Prices in the Northwest: Still expensive in spite of government and Taleban rules", "The Potter: Crafting Afghanistan's future", "War and Pillaging Couldn't Break an Afghan Village, but a Tumbling Economy May", "How the quest for the 'perfect blue' changed art forever", "First-ever oil paintings found in Afghanistan", "World's Oldest Oil Paintings Found in Afghanistan", "Suspects Sentenced To Death For Killing Journalist in Kandahar", "Bollywood's Panipat irks Afghans over founding father's portrayal", "Afghanistan – The Rough Guide to World Music", "Attan – the fascinating national dance of Afghanistan", "Everything You Need To Know About Afghan Food", "Rare Heirloom Seeds – Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds", https://news.un.org/en/story/2017/10/567862-feature-western-afghanistan-ancient-love-poetry-thrives-again, "Yalda: Iranian celebration of winter solstice", "In ancient tradition, Iranians celebrate winter solstice", "Sikhs throng temples to celebrate Vaisakhi", "Afghan Hindus and Sikhs celebrate Diwali without 'pomp and splendour' amid fear", "Cricket is now the biggest sport in Afghanistan", "South Asian Games: Shooters, swimmers shine as India consolidate dominance", "Precious moments of unity touch Afghans after football triumph", "Afghanistan Makes History in Cricket World Cup, Despite Debut Loss to Bangladesh", "Afghanistan's buzkashi horses prepare for the game of courage", "In Afghanistan's National Pastime, It's Better to Be a Hero Than a Goat", SAARC Consortium on Open and Distance Learning, South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme, Foundation of SAARC Writers and Literature, 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine, North Yemen-South Yemen Border conflict of 1972, Struggle against political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union, Sovereignty of Puerto Rico during the Cold War, Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, List of Eastern Bloc agents in the United States, American espionage in the Soviet Union and Russian Federation, North Korea and weapons of mass destruction, Targeted Killings: Law and Morality in an Asymmetrical World, Withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Afghanistan&oldid=1000157862, Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, Pashto-speaking countries and territories, Persian-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1709, States and territories established in 1747, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 21:41. [195], Afghanistan is an Islamic republic consisting of three branches, the executive, legislative, and judicial. The 1930s saw the development of roads, infrastructure, the founding of a national bank, and increased education. The karakul is a hat made from the fur of a specific regional breed of sheep. It is a landlocked country that is bordered by Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and China. A 2010 earthquake left 11 Afghans dead, over 70 injured, and more than 2,000 houses destroyed. In the north of the country is the Shrine of Ali, believed by many to be the location where Ali was buried. Their efforts to bring Afghanistan into the Central Powers failed, but it caused discontent among the population for keeping neutrality against the British. In 2013, Afghanistan's football team followed as it won the SAFF Championship.[415]. The Border Police is responsible for securing and maintaining the nation's borders with neighboring states as well as all international airports within the country. One of these spurs is the Torkestān Mountains, which extend northwestward. [226], The 2004 Afghan presidential election was relatively peaceful, in which Hamid Karzai won in the first round with 55.4% of the votes. [184] This was followed by the 2002 Hindu Kush earthquakes in which over 150 people were killed and over 1,000 injured. Soon thereafter, anti-Taliban forces agreed to a period of transitional leadership and an administration that would lead to a new constitution and the establishment of a democratically elected government. [314], The city of Ghazni has significant history and historical sites, and together with Bamyan city have in recent years been voted Islamic Cultural Capital and South Asia Cultural Capital respectively. [104][105][106], Another civil war broke out after the creation of a dysfunctional coalition government between leaders of various mujahideen factions. [101] Heavy air bombardment destroyed many countryside villages, millions of landmines were planted,[102] and some cities such as Herat and Kandahar were also damaged from bombardment. [341], According to the Human Development Index, Afghanistan is the 15th least developed country in the world. [306] Power is managed by the Da Afghanistan Breshna Sherkat (DABS, Afghanistan Electricity Company). Afghanistan’s shape has been compared to a leaf, of which the Vākhān strip, nestled high in the Pamirs, forms the stem. By this time the British were advancing from the east and the first major conflict during "The Great Game" was initiated.[68]. [292] In 2011, Afghanistan signed an oil exploration contract with China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) for the development of three oil fields along the Amu Darya river in the north. Improvements to the business environment have resulted in more than $1.5 billion in telecom investment and created more than 100,000 jobs since 2003. [308] In particular an important region for domestic and international tourism is the picturesque Bamyan Valley, which includes lakes, canyons and historical sites, helped by the fact it is in a safe area away from insurgent activity. According to article 140 of the constitution and the presidential decree on electoral law, mayors of cities should be elected through free and direct elections for a four-year term. The lands of Afghanistan have a long history of art, with the world's earliest known usage of oil painting found in cave murals in the country. It occupies an area of about 252,000 sq miles with a huge part of its territory covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range. 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