Most Famous Historical Monuments of Nepal. The first Lichavi king of historical importance was Manadeva 1. Each of these states controlled territory in the surrounding hill areas, with particular importance attached to the trade routes northward to Tibet and southward to India that were vital to the valley’s economy. In fact, the Thapa family controlled Nepal 1806-37, while the Ranas took power 1846-1951. Nepal's Geography Nepal is a landlocked country lying between 800 4'- 800 12' east longitude and 260 22'- 300 4' north latitude. It was in this region that Prince Siddhartha Gautama was born c. 563 B.C. Although intrafamilial arrangements on such questions as the succession and the distribution of responsibilities and spoils were achieved, no effective national political institutions were created. He became known as the Buddha, or "the enlightened one.". Nepal is bordered by the Tibet, an Autonomous Region of China, to the north and India in the east, south and west. Others include Magar (7.1%), Tharu (6.8%), Tamang and Newar (5.5% each), Muslim (4.3%), Kami (3.9%), Rai (2.7%), Gurung (2.5%) and Damai (2.4%). References to Nepal Valley and Nepal’s lower hill areas are found in the ancient Indian classics, suggesting that the Central Himalayan hills were closely related culturally and politically to the Gangetic Plain at least 2,500 years ago. Roughly 1 million people in Nepal speak this language. It has been influenced by the different cultures and people living in the country. The current president is Ram Baran Yadav; former Maoist rebel leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal (aka Prachanda) is Prime Minister. The first written records date back to the Kirati people, who lived in eastern Nepal, and the Newars of the Kathmandu Valley. The lowest point is Kanchan Kalan, at just 70 meters (679 feet). Nepal's history dates back to the time of the Gopalas and Mahishapalas who are believed to have been the earliest rulers of the valley with their capital at Matatirtha, the south-west corner of Kathmandu Valley. Under this de facto alliance, Kathmandu permitted the recruitment of Nepalese for the highly valued Gurkha units in the British Indian Army and also accepted British “guidance” on foreign policy; in exchange, the British guaranteed the Rana regime against both foreign and domestic enemies and allowed it virtual autonomy in domestic affairs. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The first civilizations in Nepal, which flourished around the 6th century B.C., were confined to the fertile Kathmandu Valley where the present-day capital of the same name is located. However, Buddhism (at about 11%) also exerts a lot of influence. IT STILL IS A LEADING CINE … This was accomplished by the Rana family regime after 1860 on terms that were mutually acceptable, if occasionally irritating, to both. The Kingdom of Nepal, a small Hindu-majority nation wedged between India and China in the Himalayas, became a multiparty federal republic in 2008. A Cabinet or Council of Ministers fills out the executive branch. Background of experiment with democracy 1950 movement for democratization There is substantial archaeological evidence of an early Buddhist influence in Nepal, including a famous column inscribed by Ashoka (emperor of India, 3rd century bce) at Lumbini and several shrines in the valley. Nepal has a unicameral legislature, the Constituent Assembly, with 601 seats. The modern history of Nepal can be traced to the eighteenth century when the Gurkha Shah family assumed power and established its capital in Kathmandu. From 1775 to 1951, Nepalese politics was characterized by confrontations between the royal family and several noble families. In 1950, the push for democratic reforms began. The history of Sikkim, an area in present-day North-East India, began in 1642 as a kingdom established when India and Nepal were still many princely states with many rulers at that time and had not unified to the present Union of India and present country of Nepal. The Mallas perceived their responsibilities differently, however, and the great Malla ruler Jaya Sthiti (reigned c. 1382–95) introduced the first legal and social code strongly influenced by contemporary Hindu principles. The Malla dynasty, which ruled from the 10th to 18th centuries, imposed a uniform Hindu legal and social code on Nepal. As of 2008, the former Kingdom of Nepal is a representative democracy. The history of Nepal is something that every Nepalese looks back at and feels proud. Nepal also marks the collision point between Hinduism and Buddhism, between the Tibeto-Burmese language group and the Indo-European, and between Central Asian culture and Indian culture. Nepal Bhasa is a Tibeto-Burman tongue, part of the Sino-Tibetan language family. The population is primarily rural (Kathmandu, the largest city, has less than 1 million inhabitants). Famous Nepalese Historical Personalities Famous People From Nepal King Yalambar (the first of their 29 kings) is mentioned in the Mahabharata, the Hindu epic, but little more is known about them. Nepal lies at roughly the same latitude as Saudi Arabia or Florida. The documented history of Nepal begins with the Changu Narayan temple inscription of King Manadeva I (C 464-505 A.D.) of the Lichavi dynasty. He promulgated a new constitution, which returned most of the power to him. Nepal is home to nearly 29,000,000 people. History. Other common languages in Nepal include Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Gurung, Tamang, Awadhi, Kiranti, Magar, and Sherpa. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. There were also numerous small principalities in the western and eastern hill areas, whose independence was sustained through a delicate balance of power based upon traditional interrelationships and, in some cases, common ancestral origins (or claims thereto) among the ruling families. Nepal is a collision zone. They established a centralized political system by absorbing dominant regional and local elites into the central administration at Kathmandu. The Durbar Square is a public area containing centuries-old royal palaces … Published On 18th July 2017This video is about the origination of the word and the country Nepal. 1482), divided his kingdom among his three sons, thus creating the independent principalities of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur (Bhadgaon) in the valley. The British conquest of India in the 19th century posed a serious threat to Nepal—which expected to be another victim—and left the country with no real alternative but to seek an accommodation with the British to preserve its independence. Enjoying Nepal tours, you perhaps, want to get an insight into the history of Nepal.However, it merely impossible as there will be lots of things you have to know like the story behind the attractions you visit. The middle period in Nepalese history is usually considered coterminous with the rule of the Malla dynasty (10th–18th century) in Nepal Valley and surrounding areas. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, A Brief History of the African Country of Liberia, Ancient India and the Indian Subcontinent, List of Indian States and Union Territories, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. The Newari way of life still exists today and can be seen up close throughout Bhaktapur and Bandipur. The earliest points of Nepal history include reference to the Newars, the original settlers of the country. The country might seem like a small piece of land, but it encloses varieties from all around the world. Attempts have been made to diversify trade through agreements with such countries as Japan, South Korea, Pakistan, the … They made considerable progress, but successive setbacks in wars with China and Tibet (1788–92), with the Sikh kingdom in the Punjab (1809), with British India (1814–16), and again with Tibet (1854–56) frustrated Nepal and set the present boundaries of the kingdom. The southern Tarai Plain is tropical/subtropical, with hot summers and warm winters. km. Like every other country Nepal too has its unique style of architecture. In the north, the high Himalayas are extremely cold and increasingly dry as the altitude rises. By the 16th century virtually all these principalities were ruled by dynasties claiming high-caste Indian origin whose members had fled to the hills in the wake of Muslim invasions of northern India. In fact, many Nepalese people combine Hindu and Buddhist practice; many temples and shrines are shared between the two faiths, and some deities are worshiped by both Hindus and Buddhists. Overview History Of Nepal. Anti-Rana forces, composed mainly of Nepalese residents in India who had served their political apprenticeship in the Indian nationalist movement, formed an alliance with the Nepalese royal family, led by King Tribhuvan (reigned 1911–55), and launched a revolution in November 1950. 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